Attractive to hummingbirds, the blooms may be single or double flowering; however, the double cultivars rarely produce fruit. In order to become fruits the flowers must to be pollinated. Pomegranates are self-fruitful but the blossoms must be pollinated for it to bear fruit. Unlike many fruit trees, both male and female pomegranate flowers are produced on the same tree, which means the male flower can pollinate other flowers on the same tree or other trees. You say your tree had no fruit but you did not say whether it produced flowers or not. So you'll have to do a little math. Inadequate light levels are a central reason pomegranate plants fail to produce any flowers. In the Pacific Northwest the growing season is typically not long enough to produce edible fruit. Information entered by Gardenality members is not endorsed by Gardenality, Inc. Regarding soil pH, they will grow in moderately acid to moderately alkaline soils that range from 4.5 to 8.2 on the pH scale. One cause for this could be lack of water. Pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) are hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 8 through 10, depending on the variety. Prune mature plants lightly each winter; this will stimulate new growth. Drought tolerant but will do better if soil is kept moist. Shorten pomegranate branches by 40 percent the first winter after planting. From heavy clay, black loam, lime rich soils, dry rocky hillsides to sandy soil, the pomegranate will grow almost anywhere. Some pomegranate trees are strictly ornamental and are grown for their striking flowers, which bloom from late May until fall. Beautiful lush pomegranate plant with beautiful flowers, but when it begins to form the fruit falls off. Six or more hours of sun a day is necessary to produce fruit. So, make sure that you didn’t purchase an ornamental tree or bush grown only for its flowers! But what happens when there are no pomegranates on trees and, thus, no seeds or juice to extract? First, before getting into any details, there are two basic types of pomegranate plants: fruit bearing, and flowering. I have a 3-year-old pomegranate (Wonderful) tree. Just keep in mind that the more shade there is the less flowers and fruit will be produced. Some patience is required when growing a pomegranate tree, as it takes five to seven months for fruit to become mature and the tree itself needs two to three years before it bears more than a couple of fruits. At this time, prune off the tips of all the outer stems. I do this in my landscape due to the heavy clay soil that tends to hold a lot of moisture during the winter season or extended periods of wet weather. Plant two or more pomegranate trees to encourage cross-pollination and be sure … Why is the Pomegranate tree not producing fruit? The seeds are separated by a tough white membrane referred to as the rag. Simply cut the fruit’s stem using sharp pruning shear or knife. When growing in heavier clay-based soils that retain more moisture plants won't require as much supplemental water. Meet the Gardenality Team. The pomegranate seeds can be eaten after separating from the rag or pressed to extract the delicious juice, which is commonly used in grenadine mixed with other juices or drunk on its own. Leaf blotch and fruit spot are the diseases often observed on Florida pomegranate trees. When fruit production is the desired goal, make sure you are planting a fruit bearing cultivar. How much or little you water will depend on several factors including how much rainfall occurs and soil type and drainage. It certainly is different from the one that my grandmother had. Applying too much fertilizer or applying it later in the year than recommended can cause fruit to mature late, and have poor color and poor taste quality. Brief periods of flooding won't cause problems provided the soil is well-draining. Never use any information from Gardenality to diagnose or treat any medical problem. Some varieties will get mildew if planted in too much shade. Deciduous leaves are commonly green and appear in mid-spring once temperatures have begun to warm. Gardenality.com was designed and developed by web development firm, Dot Designers. The best pomegranates will be produced from this older wood. As many other types of plants require, pomegranate prefers a well-draining soil. Whether or not you see bees it's a good idea to use a sable paint brush to pollinate the flowers yourself. They grow best in fertile, deep, loam soil that is rich with humus, as do most other fruit trees. For best results plant in a warm sunny area of the garden. Leaf and fruit spots are common in SC due to our high humidity, but don’t require treatment. Pollination is another possible reason for a pomegranate not bearing fruit.Plant two or more pomegranate trees to encourage cross-pollination and be sure to plant in full sunlight to foster fruit setting. If you live in an area that can experience long rainy periods it's best to plant pomegranate on raised beds or mounds. That being said, they thrive and produce best between 5.5 to 7.2, where most average garden soil fall between anyway. In order to become fruits the flowers must to be pollinated. The pomegranate is both self-pollinated and cross-pollinated by insects. Large shrubs or small trees with bright orange, red, pink, peach or yellow flowers in summer and large round red to brown fruit in late summer or fall. Deer occasionally browse the foliage. The inner mesocarp has distinct chambers that contain fleshy seeds. If you have ever eaten a pomegranate, then you know the allure and curiosity of this unique fruit. Five to seven crepe-like flowers hang in a cluster from their urn-shaped calyx and range from brilliant red to orange or white. It is thought to be devoted to it's owner. Characteristics of Pomegranate Plants . Helpful Reply. If your nitrogen fertilizer is 34% (Ammonium Nitrate 34-0-0) your fertilizer contains 34 pounds of nitrogen per 100 pound bag, 17 pounds per 50 pound bag, 8.5 pounds per 25 pounds, 4.25 pounds per 12 pounds, 2 pounds per 6 pounds and so on. If your fruit bearing pomegranate blooms but bears no fruit, this could be an indicator that there were no bees or other pollinating insects around when it bloomed. Pomegranates can stand very dry air conditions but, to produce good fruit, they need some moisture in the soil. If you want your pomegranate bush or tree to produce fruit there are certain things you can do to help facilitate this process. There is little wind dispersal of pollen so most of the pollination is done by bees. PruningPruning can be important to increase yields and to keep your pomegranate bush or tree bushy and strong. Let’s take a look at some common reasons for no fruit and how to get a pomegranate to set fruit. Answer: Pomegranate loses its flowers and bears no fruit. How do you plant pomegranates? Male pomegranate flowers fall off naturally as do un-fertilized female blooms, while fertilized female flowers remain to become fruit. These figures are actual nitrogen. Constantly soggy or wet soil can cause problems with their roots. Growing pomegranate in a lawn is not the best way since it may be getting too much water and nitrogen fertilizer resulting in all green growth and no flowers or fruit such as you describe. Dear Gerry, Though some are more cold hardy than others, most varieties are hardy in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 to 11. In the following years, prune lightly once a year to encourage new fruit spurts to grow. Plant two or more pomegranate trees to encourage cross-pollination and be sure to plant in full sunlight to foster fruit setting. There also a flowering pomegranate that will not make fruit. Many pomegranates will begin to display scattered flowers at a young age, although they may not fruit for several years afterward. On average, to produce good fruit, pomegranates require about 45 inches of water per year either from rainfall or irrigation. When a plant is producing fruit, it needs to be moist, especially if it’s hot to continue the growth process that produces the fruit. If pomegranate is grown from seeds fruits will begin to form in the third year. They appreciate a soil pH of 5.5-7 and as is common with most plants, will benefit from a layer of organic mulch. It had a single trumpet shaped bloom that later developed into a fruit. The vase-shaped m… That being said, to produce good fruits they will need water. How do you increase the Pomegranate fruit size? Pomegranate will grow in most well drained soils but will establish more quickly in soil that is slightly acidic. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Fertilize the pomegranate tree in March and July with a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10) in the amount of 1 pound (454 gr.) Inadequate sunlight and lack of pollination are two of the most common reasons that pomegranates do not set fruit. The most common problem with pomegranates is their failure to set fruit. I also apply two cups of bonemeal and maybe a half a cup of Sul-Po-Mag. Pomegranate trees are self-fruitful, with both male and female flower parts on a single tree. Thus, if you have a Pomegranate tree that is not producing fruit, the most likely explanation is a lack of pollinators. In general, when growing on loose, sandy soil pomegranates will require more water and more fertilizer. per 3 feet (91 cm.) This means you only need one pomegranate bush or tree to get fruit. Keep in mind that too much fertilizer is bad, so it's better to apply less than more. Secondly, there are many varieties of fruiting pomegranate on the market these days. you have may be purchased one of those like I did by accident. Problems with Flowering. Today, the pomegranate is grown for harvest in the drier areas of California, Arizona and Texas. From flowering to harvest it's best to water only enough to keep the soil moist, but not constantly soggy. If your pomegranate flowers fall off in early spring, the culprit may be insect infestation such as whitefly, scale or mealybugs. Sun Needs Pomegranate prefer as much sun as you can give them, however light shade is tolerated. You tree will produce more fruit if it is planted in full sun rather than in a shady area. In addition, the pomegranate tree loses its vigor after 15 years or so, although some cultivars may live hundreds of years. 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